by

Kredibiltas Partai dan Wabah Korupsi

Partai kredibel bukan soal gampang tetapi juga tidak susah, sejauh pimpinan partai dan seluruh jajarannya bisa bersepakat satunya kata dengan perbuatan diiringi upaya kuat mewujudkan janji-janji politknya kepada rakyat dan memenuhinya.

Dalam perspektif budaya, orang Bugis-Makassar menyebutnya dalam konsep “taro ada’, taro gau” (satunya kata dengan perbuatan), atau orang Jawa menyindirnya dengan bahasa, “Kakehan gludhug kurang udan” (banyak bicara tidak ada kenyataan/bukti) dan pelbagai ungkapan local wisdom daerah dan budaya lainnya yang bermakna sama yang menandakan betapa nilai-nilai budaya kita mengajarkan seorang pemimpin ucapannya dapat dipercaya dan perbuatannya dapat dibuktikan.

Neumann (1963) menegaskan bahwa Partai Politik adalah organisasi yang berebut dukungan rakyat melalui persaingan (pemilu) dengan suatu golongan atau golongan lain yang mempunyai pandangan berbeda. Untuk mengatur persaingan itu, di Indonesia kemudian diatur dalam norma hukum perundangan, UU No. 2 Tahun 2011 tentang perubahan atas UU No. 2 tahun 2008 tentang Partai Politik.

Sebagai wadah perjuangan yang berkesinambungan, maka kaderisasi menjadi jantung keberlanjutan Partai Politik dengan tetap mendidik, membina, mengkader guna menghasilkan calon pemimpin yang memiliki kemampuan dibidang politik untuk mengelola kekuasaan pemerintahan dikemudian hari.

Hal itu berbanding terbalik dengan kondisi partai kita belakangan ini, partai lebih banyak dipimpin golongan tua (gerontokrasi) dan mengabaikan kaderisasi internal.

Bahkan beberapa partai dijabat oleh orang yang dulu sebagai dewan pimbina lalu turun tahta menjadi ketua umum karena ingin menguasai dan mengendalikannya secara langsung.

Partai yang tidak memberi ruang bagi generasi muda, yang memiliki sikap kepemimpinan dan kapasitas, berintegritas dan memiliki visi jauh kedepan akan ditinggal tua dan lambat laun akan layu tak dihiraukan para pemilih, apalagi pemilih dikalangan kaum muda yang jumlahnya sekitar 40an juta.

Konservatisme Partai

Beberapa partai memiliki kebiasaan memecat kadernya yang kritis, muda, dan berdedikasi tinggi hanya karena melakukan kritik terhadap partainya, apalagi dipimpin oleh orang yang merasa paling berkuasa dan kalangan orang tua itu.

Kritik bagi pemimpin “sok kuasa” seringkali dimaknai sebagai perlawanan, padahal, jika sehat berpikir, justeru kader kritis lah jauh lebih siap menghadapi tantangan berat dibanding mereka yang menghamba jabatan dan menjual harga diri.

Pasca kejatuhan Soeharto yang otoriter dan lahir era reformasi puluhan bahkan ratusan partai bermunculan. Tapi sayangnya, partai baru pun yang lahir di era reformasi berwatak sama dengan Orde Baru yakni sentralistik, otoriter dan antikritik oleh kadernya. Orde Baru memang sudah terkubur tapi watak dan perilakunya masih diwarisi oleh para pemimpin partai hingga saat ini.

Dalam catatan saya, partai Golkar misalnya, merupakan partai yang paling gemar memecat kadernya baik di era kepemimpinan Aburizal Bakrie maupun di dibawah kepemimpin terdakwa Setya Novanto.

Sebagai partai warisan Orde Baru dan telah melakukan perombakan paradigma namun tidak memengaruhi watak dan karakter Orba-nya dalam kepemimpinan.

Sebagai partai yang dimanjakan penguasa dimasa lalu, apalagi sedang dipimpin “anak mami” yang belum pernah teruji oleh zaman yang menggeliat dalam tekanan, partai ini masih sangat terkesan opurtunis tanpa ideologi perjuangan yang jelas.

Kemana angin kencang penguasa berhembus, disana ia berlindung, terlepas apakah ide sang penguasa untuk kepentingan rakyat atau tidak yang penting selalu ingin menempel ke penguasa. Soal kredibilitas urusan kesekian yang penting ikut seolah berkuasa tanpa rasa malu.

Dalam soal calon Wakil Presiden Jokowi 2019, ketua umum-nya pun tidak berani mencalonkan diri. Ketika disebut namanya sebagai cawapres di media dengan cepat menyampaikan dan menyangkalnya.

Sungguh ironi, partai besar pemenang pemilu kedua keder disebut sebagai calon Wakil Presiden apalagi maju sebagai Presiden?, sangat tidak bernyali.

Berbanding terbalik dengan partai lain seperti PAN atau PKS. Walau perolehan suaranya jauh dibanding partai Golkar, PAN dan PKS berani mengusung ketua umumnya untuk maju dalam kontestasi pemilu 2019.

Bahkan PKS menawarkan sembilan kader terbaiknya untuk menjadi calon Presiden. Disini, bukan soal besar atau kecil, tapi soal nyali pemimpin dan pada akhirnya rakyatlah akan menentukan.

Wabah Korupsi

Kredibilitas partai tentu tidak bertumpuh pada pemimpinnya, juga pada pengurus secara kolektif. Karenanya, kepengurusan yang solid, berintegritas dan tidak bermasalah hukum akan turut memengaruhi sebuah partai menjadi kredibel.

Tahun 2009, kita dikejutkan dengan partai Demokrat. Partai baru yang didirikan oleh mantan Presiden Soesilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) itu menjadi fenomenal tetapi ambruk dalam waktu sekejap karena ulah pengurusnya yang menjadi gembong korupsi dalam pelbagai kasus yang didalangi Nazaruddin, mantan bendahara umum partai Demokrat.

Pelbagai kasus korupsi yang terjaring operasi tangkap tangan (OTT) KPK yang melibatkan pejabat pemerintah daerah belakangan ini merupakan kader-kader partai. Terdapat kader PDIP, Golkar, Nasdem, PAN, PKS, Demokrat, dan lain-lain telah berhasil menyumbangkan kadernya masuk kedalam bui KPK dan memengaruhi kredibiltas partai akibat ulah kadernya. Karena cara partai memilih pemimpin kepala daerah bukan berdasarkan prestasi dan integritas tetapi kolusi dan isi tas.

Kredibilitas tidak dibangun dalam waktu singkat, setahun atau dua tahun. Ia dikonstruksi secara sosial oleh publik melalui proses panjang dan melelahkan, penuh perjuangan dan bahkan berdarah-darah hingga mendapatkan kepercayaan rakyat.

Ketika PDIP memenangkan pemilu 1999, itu wajar, karena saat itu merupakan simbol partai perlawanan pemerintah, simbol wong cilik dan menderita selama bertahun-tahun dibawah rezim Soeharto.

Tetapi saat memerintah tidak dapat menjalankan kepercayaan rakyat, ia pun rontok pada pemilu berikutnya, 2004. Pemilu 2009 hanya peringkat ketiga dan baru pemiu 2014 kembali menang dan menempatkan kadernya sebagai Presiden.

Pemilu 2019 bukan tidak mungkin PDIP kalah jika kadernya semakin memenuhi jeruji penjara KPK akibat korupsi dan pemerintahan Jokowi melakukan kesalahan fatal dalam sikap dan kebijakan politik nasional.

Harga BBM dinaikkan secara sembunyi-sembunyi, impor beras jelang petani panen raya dan saat ini bermaksud mengimpor gula mentah sebesar 1,8 juta Ton, merupakan kebijakan yang dapat merugikan PDIP secara elektoral.

Belum lagi soal isu agama, PKI, terorisme, kebijakan pajak yang mencekik, ketidak-adilan penegakan hukum, kriminalisasi dan pembunuhan ulama dibeberapa tempat serta konsep pemisahan agama dengan politik yang dikemukan Presiden Jokowi.

Kesan bagi umat Islam dan Islam politik bahwa rezim ini anti kepada umat Islam yang dapat digoreng oleh lawan-lawan politik PDIP dan Presiden Jokowi ditahun politik ini dan pilpres 2019.

Kesemuanya bergantung kepada sikap PDIP dan Presiden Jokowi lima bulan kedepan. Bagaimana cara merespon isu miring dan sikap yang akan ditempuh akan menentukan hasil pemilu nanti.

Dengan politik massa mengambang (floating mass) yang diterapkan dimasa Soeharto, para pemilih di hindarkan agar tidak paham politik karena dikuatirkan mengancam rezim otoriter.

Dampaknya, tidak ada satupun partai yang berturut-turut menjadi pemenang pemilu di era reformasi karena keengganan partai melakukan pendidikan politik secara konsisten.

Oleh: Syamsuddin Radjab

(Penulis adalah Dosen Hukum Tata Negara UIN Alauddin Makassar dan Direktur Eksekutif Jenggala Center)

Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

44 comments

  1. Hello, There’s no doubt that your blog may be having internet browser compatibility problems. When I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Besides that, wonderful site!

  2. I’m very happy to discover this great site. I need to to thank you for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely liked every part of it and I have you book-marked to check out new stuff in your blog.

  3. Can I just say what a comfort to discover somebody that truly knows what they are discussing on the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you aren’t more popular because you certainly have the gift.

  4. I really love your website.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you make this amazing site yourself? Please reply back as Iím attempting to create my own site and want to find out where you got this from or what the theme is named. Appreciate it!

  5. I’d like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this blog. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own website now 😉

  6. You’re so cool! I don’t suppose I’ve truly read through a single thing like this before. So great to discover another person with some genuine thoughts on this subject matter. Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is needed on the web, someone with a bit of originality!

  7. Next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesn’t disappoint me as much as this particular one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read through, however I genuinely thought you’d have something helpful to say. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something you could possibly fix if you were not too busy looking for attention.

  8. May I simply say what a comfort to find an individual who really knows what they’re talking about on the net. You definitely know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people need to check this out and understand this side of the story. I can’t believe you aren’t more popular because you most certainly have the gift.

  9. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who was doing a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to talk about this topic here on your site.

  10. Can I simply just say what a comfort to discover an individual who really knows what they’re discussing on the net. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More and more people really need to look at this and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you’re not more popular since you surely have the gift.

  11. Right here is the right web site for anyone who hopes to understand this topic. You know so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually would want toÖHaHa). You certainly put a fresh spin on a topic which has been discussed for years. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

  12. Can I simply say what a relief to uncover someone that actually knows what they are discussing on the internet. You actually realize how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people ought to read this and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you aren’t more popular because you most certainly have the gift.

  13. I blog quite often and I truly appreciate your information. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I will take a note of your blog and keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  14. When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a way you are able to remove me from that service? Many thanks!

  15. Hi, I do think your web site may be having internet browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Aside from that, excellent website!

  16. Hello there! This blog post could not be written any better! Looking through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept preaching about this. I’ll forward this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  17. May I simply just say what a relief to discover somebody that actually knows what they’re talking about online. You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people should check this out and understand this side of your story. I was surprised you’re not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

  18. You are so cool! I don’t believe I have read through something like this before. So nice to find somebody with some original thoughts on this topic. Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is one thing that is required on the web, someone with a little originality!

  19. I was excited to find this site. I need to to thank you for your time just for this fantastic read!! I definitely loved every bit of it and i also have you bookmarked to see new things on your web site.

  20. Hi, I do think this is an excellent blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will return once again since i have book marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  21. When I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I recieve four emails with the same comment. There has to be a way you are able to remove me from that service? Cheers!

  22. 5 ideas on how to Get The Perfect night out

    considering musing about attracting the perfect time frame? maybe you wanted totally different online dating services, and that means you couldn find the correct match up with. big event cast aside and that is felt overwhelmed, outraged and in addition crestfallen. You magic should you ever find the correct person. You tired to be quiet and understand are convinced the actual permanently organization some cash,in this. you’ll want to suffer needy by having cheaper self worth.

    individual been very wrong on how you can find that perfect match, nevertheless instead of your negligence. [url=https://www.bestbrides.net/latamdate-reviews/]latamdate[/url] you may be accusing ones self pondering about a lot of a problem on hand, but that’s incorrect in the slightest. it simpler as compared to what you might think to find the best dude, But you should where to look. may well be wish that, your own perfect match is right around the corner. you only need to observe the 5 proven methods to get the perfect court.

    1 First, You need the right online dating site. A personals online store alongside a large number of customers. You have a better chance of finding the one who is compatible with more clients watching your guide.

    2 You need to read building your guide the right way to get your thought about often a person by you are searching for. any display screen legal name, Tagline and thumbnail are the initial and best effects of you. your link tag is one thing to consider. you’re ready choose something which is helpful, descriptive and moreover spectacular. It is something in regards to your current attitude or even a work.

    3 you need to write a powerful one time period keyword phrase, booked a tagline, which would be to get the attention of someone you want be emailed on. It can be used to grab the attention of somebody looking at the information. make sure you work with engaging incredibly good tagline. for anybody who is doubting, It provides for nowhere fast.

    4 you have to add extraordinary scans of yourself to your collection. just one image, but. you may use seed snapshots. a footage need in reality whilst not having blue eyeball. confirm the problem you and only you the shot. be sure you grin and search useful and chuffed.

    5 your individual link is the key challenge in regards to an online dating site. start thinking about finding a partner at last, additionally assume that what you would say to them to go into detail you. you really have on wish it to sound like a restart. You want it to differentiate themselves the actual other background. a fitting page is ordinarily 200 350 content. have on ramble on. try to be tailored as to the point.

    as soon as you make your shape carried out competently, you do have a great probability of dating proper particular. there are various the face to share with you ones hobbies, fantasies plus likes and dislikes. You use the first step up the best track to start your incredibly good online dating services page. say you decided to click any of these 5 how you can get the perfect wedding date, You realize that discovering the right lover will be well worth it.

News Feed